minimum temperature, relative morning humidity and rain, had no significant influence on the incidence of the pests. For local guava marketing, fully yellow but firm fruits are harvested, whereas half yellow fruits are picked for selling in distant markets. This portal has been developed as part of the national level initiative - India Development Gateway (InDG), dedicated for providing information / knowledge and ICT based knowledge products and services in the domain of social development. GFF is widespread through much of the mainland of southern Asia, from Pakistan eastward to Thailand and southern China. Natural enemies of fruit borers: Parasitoids: Trichogramma chilonis, Tetrastichus spp., Telenomus spp., Chelonus blackburni, Carcelia spp. and Green lacewing. The wings are clear with a very light dark streak along the front edge to about 3/4 length, followed by a separate light dark spot at the tip. Guava fruits develop the best flavor and aroma when they ripen only on trees. Damage symptoms Both nymphs and adults suck sap that results in crinkling and yellowing of leaves and rotting of berries. Source: NIPHM and Directorate of Plant Protection, Quarantine & Storage. Blackish larva can be observed underneath the fresh webbing. The plant is also grown for biofuel production, especially in Brazil, as the canes other crops like citrus, fig, grapevine, mango, guava and tamarind with peak period of infestation being August to November (Srivastava and Butani, 1998). The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which âbleedâ toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. The young shoots dry and die away giving sickly look to the plant, Nymphs and adults make punctures on petiole, tender shoots and fruits, Brownish â black necrotic patches develop on the foliage, Elongate streaks and patches develop on shoots. in length, with a darker, mostly black thorax. However, Anastrepha striatais an important pest in the American tropicâ¦ Predators: Chrysoperla, Rove beetles, Spiders, Coccinellids, Robber fly, Dragonfly, Reduviid bug, Praying mantis, Fire ants, Big eyed bugs, Pentatomid bug, Earwigs, Ground beetles, common mynah and King crow. Synonyms: Ecdytolopha aurantianum (Lima, 1927) Ecdytolopha torticornis Powell et al., 1995 . Larvae faeces may be seen exuding out of the borer hole. Scien... tific name : Bactrocera dorsalis. Please leave all source links intact and adhere to applicable copyright and intellectual property guidelines and laws. Scientific name: Eudocima sp. The pupal period varies from seven to 18 days. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds) making the fruit hollow from inside. GFF feeds on many kinds of fruit and vegetables. Psidium guajava is a small tree in the Myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, and northern South America. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly. The forewings can be mainly brown, cream or green. Pomegranate, Punica granatum, is a deciduous or evergreen tree or shrub in the family Punicaceae grown for its edible fruits. Pupation takes place Crops damaged : Mango, banana, sapota, fig, guava, papaya, passion fruit, peach, pear, pineapple, roseapple, citrus, coffee, etc. Description of adult: There are three widely occurring species of fruit piercing moth: Eudocima salaminia, E. fullonia, E. jordani and E. materna. The GFF is an exotic insect originating in southern Asia from Pakistan eastward through India and into Thailand. Gymnandrosoma aurantianum Lima, 1927 . Scientific name: Bactrocera dorsalis Nature of damage: About 50-70 percent fruits become damaged for fruit fly which could not be managed fully by the insecticides. The caterpillar of this pest is known as grub. Preferred Scientific Name. Fruit that has been attacked may be unfit for consumption due to the larvae tunneling through the flesh as they feed. They are widely cultivated in almost every part of the world. In India, there are at least 80 insect species that attack the guava â¦ Such fruits weaken, rot and drop down. The squash vine borer is a wrinkled, cream-colored caterpillar with a brown head, about 1 to 2 inches long. Important California crops at risk include guava, peach, cherry, citrus, and melons. Caterpillar/larva bores into young fruits. Pest no :2 Common name : Oriental fruit fly, mango fruit fly. Leaf Roller (Platypeplus Aprobola Meyer): The new flushes are attacked by this pest through out the litchi growing area. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Scymnus, Chilomenes sexmaculatus, Chrysoperla carnea, Predatory mantids, parasitic wasps, ladybird beetle, predatory mite. The adult-form of the vine borer is a narrow-winged olive-brown moth with a 1- â¦ The adult moths are large and stout-bodied, with a wingspan of 100 mm. Feeds on internal contents (pulp and seeds), Infected fruits dry up and fall off without ripening. Biology: Eggs: Eggs are laid singly on tender leaves, stalks and flower buds. Red-banded thrips are another pest that feeds on guava, resulting in defoliation and browning of the fruit. Scientific name: Chlumetia transversa (Walker) Common names: Tipborer, shoot borer Alternate hosts: Cashew, Guava Destructive stage: Larva Parts affected: Young shoots and flowers Description: While mango tipborer is a common problem on young shoots, the â¦ In El Salvador, the wood of a guava shrub is used to make hair combs. Wings are clear with a spot on the wing tips. The origin of the guava is unknown, but unofficially the claim is made by Central America or Southern Mexico. Female lays 22 eggs in cavities made on the fruit by ovipositor, egg period 2-3 days, maggot period, 7-10 days. Guava fruits are probably highly palatable and it has been reported that livestock eat most of the fruits produced by trees growing in pastures in the tropics. It can be seen attacking mango tree in all mango growing regions. The genus was first brought into the scientific world by a scientist called Linnaeus in 1753. Scientific Name: Psidium guajava. Pupa: Development occurs either inside the damaged fruits or on the stalk holding it. ADVERTISEMENTS: Plants belonging to genus Hibiscus act [â¦] Holes on the trunk, Wood dust and faecal matter hanging in the form of a web around the affected portion. To know the IPM practices for Guava,Â click here. 7. The fruit-tree pinhole borer, Xyleborinus saxesenii Ratzeburg (Figures 1 and 2), is an ambrosia beetle and a member of the weevil tribe Xyleborini. Guava fruit borers/ pomegranate butterfly, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY). ... Indiscriminate use of pesticides to control fruit borer. Nymphs and adults suck the sap from leaves, shoots and fruits. Spring-time attacks are the most deleterious. Most of the worldâs sugarcane is grown in subtropical and tropical areas. Host range: Grapevine, Hibiscus, mulberry, guava, custard apple, okra, tamarind and glyricidia. Ambrosia beetles are characterized by having a symbiotic relationship with fungi. In Florida, there are at least 30 species of ambrosia beetles, many of them non-native (Thomas 2007). Health Benefits of Guava INTRODUCTION: Mango Stem Borer The Mango Stem Borer scientifically known as Batocera rufomaculata is a very serious pest of mango. Reductions in the total phenolic content in fruits of susceptible cultivars also causes damage ( Manoukas, 1993 ; Mohamed Jalaluddin and Sadakathulla, 1999 ). Decay-producing organisms then enter, leaving the interior of the fruit a rotten mass. Caterpillar bores into young fruits but they may also bore buds and tender shoots. In Brazil, strawberry guava typically ranges from 3 to 16 feet (1 to 5 m) in height, and its fruit is variable, yellow varieties being more common than red. In most of the commercial guava varieties, the fruit stage ripeness is indicated by the color development which is usually yellow. This probably is because it is not considered to be of primary economic importance, although it often is abundant and may be highly destructive to dooryard plantings of some tropical fruits. Guava (Psidium guajava) is a tropical fruit with a wide range of health benefits. The top of the thorax is black with yellow patches, the abdomen is yellow-orange with a dark T-shaped mark, and the face has two black spots which “bleed” toward each other, sometimes connecting to each other in the middle. These eggs hatch into larvae, or maggots, which tunnel through the flesh of the fruit, making it unfit for consumption. However, it has not acquired a well-established common name as have others such as the Mexican, Caribbean, and Mediterranean fruit flies. The newly emerged adult females need 16 to 38 days to mature sexually prior to egg-laying. The fruit is replete with antioxidants and other nutrients like vitamin C and lycopene. A. Insect-Pests: 1. After hatching, larvae penetrate apical buds, flowers, new fruit, leaves, or stems. Although related species may also be called guavas, they belong to other species or genera, such as the pineapple guava, Acca sellowiana. For more detailed information, click the links below. The scientific name and botanical name of guava is Psidium guajava and it belongs to the family âMyrtaceaeâ and to the genus âPsidiumâ. The infestation of the pest may be identified by the presence of irregular tunnels and patches covered with silken web consisting of excreta and chewed up wood particles on the shoots, branches, stem and main trunk. With only 37 calories in one fruit and â¦ The affected fruits are generally deformed at the point of entry of larvae. (e) Stem Borer Common name: Mango stem borer Scientific name: Batocera rufomaculara De Geer Family: Cerambycidae Order: Coleoptera The grub tunnels into the stems. India has over 27,000 tons of the pink guava every year. The other meteorological parameters, i.e. The pomegranate tree is branched and spiny with glossy, leathery, oval to oblong leaves that grow in whorls of five or more on the branches. Family: Myrtaceae. Mealy bug: Ferrisia virgata, Maconellicoccus hirsutus (Pseudococcidae: Hemiptera) Distribution and status: All over India and other grapevine growing countries. Breeding is continuous, with several annual generations. Adults and maggots attack semi â ripe fruits, Maggots destroy and convert pulp into a bad smelling. The guava fruit fly, Anastrepha striataSchiner, is one of the most common species of fruit flies throughout most of its range. ADVERTISEMENTS: Insects and Diseases that Occurs in Litchi Plant and its Control! The larvae drop from the fruit and burrow into the soil to pupate. Tea mosquito bug: Helopeltis antonii. The larvae of the guava shoot borers get into twigs, killing new shoots. Maggots tunnel through the fruit feeding on the pulp, shed their skins twice, and emerge through exit holes in eight to 17 days, depending on temperature. The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a member of the Lepidopteran family Tortricidae.They are major pests to agricultural crops, mainly fruits such as apples and pears.Because the larvae are not able to feed on leaves, they are highly dependent on fruits as a â¦ California Department of Food and Agriculture Shelter holes may also be seen particularly at the joints of shoots and branches. Hind wings are yellow orange, with black patches and spots. The green coloured caterpillar rolls the leaf and feeds on lamina within the roll. Common Name(s) Citrus fruit borer, orange fruit borer , macadamia nut borer . The harmful stage is caterpillar. Guava whiteflies feed on guava leaves and, along with the green shield scale and weevils (in particular Anthonomus irroratus), require chemical pest control for guava grown commercially in Florida. There are around 150 varieties of guava not just the green oval shaped fruit we all picture. Guava fruits. Introduction Common name: Guava Scientific name: Psidium guajava L. Family: Myrtaceae 3/14/2018 6 Guava is a common tropical fruits cultivated and enjoyed in many tropical and subtropical regions. InDG is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) Government of India initiative and is executed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. Key words Guava, fruit borers, Virachola isocrates, Dichocrosis punctiferalis, incidence, management. Damage is severe because the green citrus aphid colonizes young shoots, buds, grafts and young plants, the development of which is inhibited. NAME: Guava Fruit Fly SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bactrocera correcta (Bezzi) PEST RATING: "A" Similar to Oriental Fruit Fly, but smaller, measuring about 6mm. Scientific Name of The Pest: Tuta absoluta Common Name of the Pest: Tomato leaf miner Damage To Crop: Larvae of Tuta absoluta mine the leaves, flowers, shoots, and fruit of tomato as well as the leaves and tubers of potato. May Aid Weight Loss. Favorable conditions: The temperature of 28-360 C and 62-92% relative humidity and scanty rainfall during August to January are quite favorable for this pest. The adult guava fruit fly (GFF) is about the size of a housefly, 5 millimeters (mm) in length. Fully grown maggot falls to ground and pupates in soil with pupal period of 5-30 days Usually 2-3 generations completed in a year. Natural enemies of tea mosquito bug: Predators: Reduviid bug, Oxyopes sp. Maggots feed on fruit pulp that results in fruit rotting and fruit drop. Common name Scientific name Cases. A major pest of several vegetables, ornamental plants, tropical orchard trees and was observed feeding on 76 species of plants belonging to 33 families. Bionomics. Guava may help manage diabetes, protect the heart, and boost digestive health. The maximum temperature had significant positive correlation with the build-up of population of mealy bugs while high humidity had significant negative correlation. Â© 2006â2019 CâDAC.All content appearing on the vikaspedia portal is through collaborative effort of vikaspedia and its partners.We encourage you to use and share the content in a respectful and fair manner. Infested fruits will have uneven shapes, poor quality, and are susceptible to secondary infections by pathogens. 5. Damage occurs when the female lays eggs in the fruit. It is now widely grown all over the world. Psidium guajava (common guava, lemon guava) is a small tree in the myrtle family (Myrtaceae), native to Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean and northern South America. Campoletis chlorideae, Bracon spp. The guava fruit worm, Argyresthia eugeniella, invisibly infiltrates hard green fruits, and the citron plant bug, Theognis gonagia, the yellow beetle, Costalimaita ferruginea, and the fruit-sucking bug, Helopeltis antonii, feed on ripe fruits. Body and legs are honey colored with a prominent black "T" marking on the abdomen. The first California detection occurred in Orange County in 1986, and since that time, several re-introductions have been delimited and successfully eradicated. In addition to growing guavas on the large open field, it is also possible to grow these fruits in containers, pots, greenhouse, poly houses, and also in backyards. Most ambrosia beetles carry several types of ambrosia fungi, with a more abundant primary fungus and other, auxiliary fungi present in the mycangia (specialized storage pocketâ¦ Introduction Guava (Psidium guajava L.) is one of the most important fruit crops of tropics. In vitro OM digestibility of guava fruits was found to be low, from 24% for the immature fruit to 53% for the ripe fruit (Adrian et al., 2012). The amount of time it takes for egg development depends on the ambient temperature, but is normally about two days. Fruit borer: Congethes (=Dichocrocis) punctiferalis. Immature stages of GFF have not been described in the literature, but are likely typical for members of this genus; i.e., the egg is very small, white, cylindrical, rounded at the ends and about six times as long as wide; the maggot (larva) is creamy-white, legless, and may attain a length of 6 to 10 mm; and the pupa is encased in a dark brown cylindrical puparium. Severe damage can result in the death of attacked stem. Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Hyderabad. This pest is mainly found in South Asia, East Africa and Central America. In India, B. correcta is one of the important fruit borers of guava and can cause 80% damage. Guavas are a weight-loss-friendly food. Guava fruit and guava leaf extract are POSSIBLY SAFE when used as a medicine, short-term. It is a powerhouse of fiber. In 1825, strawberry guava was brought to Hawaii for its fruit and ornamental attributes. Sugarcane, (Saccharum officinarum), perennial grass of the family Poaceae, primarily cultivated for its juice from which sugar is processed. A number of commercially valuable fruits and vegetables are attacked by GFF (see Host List). Scientific Name . Pupal period lasts for 7-34 days. It is also called the apple of tropics ranking fourth most important commercial fruit crops of India. Natural enemies of mealy bug: Predators: Chrysoperla carnea, Cryptolaemus montrouzieri, and Spalgis epius Parasitoids: Aenasius advena. The genus that guava belongs to is called Psidium. Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck; Preferred Common Name. Females lay eggs under the skin of host fruits. Larvae - Dark brown, short and stout, covered with short hairs, larval period lasts for 18-47 days. Side Effects & Safety When taken by mouth: Guava fruit is LIKELY SAFE when eaten as a food. The tiny small bugs usually suck sap from twigs, leaves and flowers. 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